CJ for Students

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Sex Offender Issues

Each article on this page was pulled from sites that specialize in peer reviewed documents. These sites included Capella University’s online library, Sage Publications, Proquest, EBSCO, ERICS, as well as numerous others.

Each document has been thoroughly scanned personally for viruses, Trojans, or macros and is clean and safe for download. These documents are in Adobe PDF or Word format

 

Discovery in child pornography cases after Adam Walsh act - Glynn et al 2009

What restrictions does the Adam Walsh Act place on defense access to discovery in child pornography cases? What was the law governing the production of this material prior to the Adam Walsh Act? If the statute only limits access to material or property that “constitutes child pornography,” who decides if the material is child pornography?

 

 

An end game to sex predator laws - Janus-Bolin 2008

"Sexually Violent Predator (SVP) laws allow the state to deprive persons of their physical liberty using civil commitment, avoiding the tightly bounded, constitutionally circumscribed tools of criminal law. As such, they inhabit an area close to the boundary of criminal and civil justice—and of constitutionality."

 

 

Criminal Justice Federalism and National Sex Offender Policy - Logan 2008

"The extent this assessment is accurate, it poses special difficulty for a federalist system such as ours, which reposes main police power authority in the states, not the national government, and has traditionally favored a decentralized approach to governance. In recent decades, however, nationalism has largely trumped federalism concerns, as Congress and the President have federalized a broad range of criminal misconduct previously the exclusive province of states. The effort, as students of the field are well aware, has inspired extensive critical commentary and two recent Supreme Court decisions overturning federal laws."

 

 

The commercial sexual exploitation of children and youth in illinois - Ashley 2008

"Child pornography and prostitution have made the commercial sexual exploitation of children a multi-million dollar industry in the U.S. Due to the attention that commercial sexual exploitation of children has received and its priority among federal, state, and local law enforcement officials, it is an important crime problem for Illinois to examine.1 The Department of Justice’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention considers commercial sexual exploitation of children, “one of the most overlooked and egregious forms of child abuse.” The office further states. “Reports from law enforcement and those concerned with child protection make it clear the commercial sexual exploitation of children is a critical problem and that increasing numbers of children and youth are being sexually exploited through prostitution and pornography in the United States.”

 

 

No Easy Answers Sex Offender Laws in the US - Carey 2007

"What happened to nine-year-old Jessica Lunsford is every parent’s worst nightmare. In February 2005 she was abducted from her home in Florida, raped, and buried alive by a stranger, a next-door neighbor who had been twice convicted of molesting children. Over the past decade, several horrific crimes like Jessica’s murder have captured massive media attention and fueled widespread fears that children are at high risk of assault by repeat sex offenders. Politicians have responded with a series of laws, including the sex offender registration, community notification, and residency restriction laws that are the subject of this report."

 

 

The influence of sex offender registration and notification laws in the united states - Walker et al 2007

"This paper explores the impact of sex offender policies by examining sex offenses through time series analysis. Using monthly count data of rapes aggregated at the state level, this analysis uses Box-Jenkins autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models to conduct ten separate intervention analyses on the enforcement of Megan’s
Law. The results of the interrupted time series analyses are mixed with regard to whether the enforcement of sex offender registration had a statistically significant effect on the number of rapes reported at the state level. Although several states showed a nonsignificant increase in the number of rapes, only three states had a significant effect on decreasing the number of rapes. Policy implications of this research are discussed in terms of the efficacy of sex offender registration and whether changes in these laws should be considered."

 

 

A profile of a pedofilia definition, characteristics of offenders, treatment outcomes, and foresic issues - Hall et al 2007

"Pedophilia has become a topic of Increased Interest, awareness,
and concern for both the medical community and the public at large. Increased media exposure, new sexual offender disclosure laws, Web sttes that list the names and addresses of convicted sexual offenders, politicians taking a "get tough" stance on sexual offenders, and Increased Investigations of sexual acts with children have Increased public awareness about pedophilia. Because of this Increased awareness, It is Important for physicians to understand pedophilia, Its rate of occurrence, and the characteristics of pedophiles and sexually abused children. In this artlcle, we address research that defines the various types and categories of pedophilia, review available federal data on child molestation and pornography, and briefly discuss the theories on what makes an Individual develop a sexual orientation toward children. This article also examines how researchers determine If someone Is a pedophile, potential treatments for pedophiles and
sexually abused children, the risk of additional sexual offenses,
the effect of mandatory reporting laws on both physicians and
pedophiles, and limitations of the current pedophilic literature."

 

 

The impact of perpetrator gender on male and female police officers' perceptions of child sexual abuse - Kite et al 2003

"The aim of this study was to investigate if such gender effects are prevelant in Australian child abuse investigators, specifically the police."

 

The Jimmy Ryce Act of 1998 - Presley 1999

"On September 11, 1995, a nine-year-old boy named Jimmy Ryce stepped off his school bus and disappeared. Months later, somebody noticed the child’s backpack in a local ranch hand’s trailer. The ranch hand, Juan Carlos Chavez, led authorities to Jimmy’s body. Jimmy had been kidnapped, raped, murdered, and dismembered. Juan Chavez was convicted of Jimmy’s murder on September 12, 1998. The boy’s parents, Don and Claudine Ryce, responded to their son’s brutal murder by authoring and lobbying the Jimmy Ryce Involuntary Civil Commitment for Sexually Violent Predators’ Treatment and Care Act (Jimmy Ryce Act). Governor Lawton Chiles signed the Act into law on May 19, 1998, and it became effective January 1, 1999. The Act defines certain sex offenders—“sexually violent predators”—as having a mental abnormality and seeks to have these offenders involuntarily and indefinitely committed to an appropriate “secure facility” for treatment, but only after the offenders have already served their criminal sentences in jail. Moreover, it applies only to persons who have already been convicted of a sexually violent crime."

Sentencing federal sex offenders protection of children from sexual predators act of 1998 - Montgomery et al 2000

"The Sexual Predators Act Policy Team (the team) is the latest in a series of Commission working groups charged with analyzing the guidelines concerning sex offenses against children. The team was chartered to assist the Commission in developing possible responses to the Protection of Children from Sexual Predators Act of 1998, Pub. L. 105-314 (“the Act”). This Act contains both specific and general directives to the Commission to review relevant guidelines and, upon completion of the review, provide appropriate enhancements and otherwise increase penalties in certain circumstances, while ensuring “reasonable consistency” among the guidelines and avoiding “duplicative punishment.”

 

 

Current information on the scope and nature of child sexual abuse in 1994 - Finkelhor 1994

"Approximately 150,000 confirmed cases of child sexual abuse were reported to child welfare authorities in the United States during 1993. This number represents about 15% of the more than one million confirmed cases of all child abuse and neglect. But the true scope of this problem is better reflected in retrospective surveys of adults, and this article summarizes data from 19 of these surveys. Considerable evidence exists to show that at least 20% of American women and 5% to 10% of American men experienced some form of sexual abuse as children. The rates are somewhat lower among people born before World War II, but there is little evidence of a dramatic increase for recent generations. The studies provide little evidence that race or
socioeconomic circumstances are major risk factors. They do show elevated risk for children who experienced parental inadequacy, unavailability, conflict, harsh punishment, and emotional deprivation."